Bill Clifford T. Guzman,
Claribel A. Matias
Fungi are one of the most vital components of forest environment alongside with either its valuable or detrimental effects. Macrofungi are fungi large enough to be seen by the naked eyes and to be picked out by the hands. This research study focused on the evaluation of the antibacterial activities of the selected macrofungi collected from Mount Palali, Quezon, Nueva Vizcaya. Forty-one (41) mushroom crude extracts were assayed for microbial activity using paper disc diffusion method. Eleven (11) mushroom species showed activity against the test microorganisms. Six mushroom species gave an active inhibition in the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and six against Escherichia coli. These 11 mushroom species were identified and were further evaluated for their antibacterial activities using bioautography and minimum inhibitory concentration. Trametes versicolor has the lowest MIC value of 0.039 mg/mL against E. coli while Termitomyces, Coriolus sp. 2, and Russula have MIC value as low as 0.156 mg/mL against S. aureus. It was also observed that the tested mushrooms were bacteriostatic. Bioautographic profiles of each mushroom extract imply synergism. Phytochemical screening afforded several active compounds such as alkaloids, coumarins, flavanoids, phenols, and steroids.
1. Tadiosa,ER., . "Preliminary study on the macrofungi of Bazal-Baubo watershed" 101, 267-273, 2007
2. Wasser,SP, Weis,AL. . "Medicinal properties of substances occuring in higher Basidiomycetes mushrooms: current perspective" International Journal of Medicinal Mushroom 1, 31-62, 1999
3. Oyi, AR., . "A study of antimicrobial and phytochemical properties of the latex of jatropha curcas Linn" 6(2): 14-20, 2001
4. Jha, SJ, Tripathi,NN . "Diversity of macrofungi in Shivapuri National Park of Kathamandu Valley,Nepal" Biological Forum : an international journal 4(1): 23-34, 2012
5. Okwu, DE, . "Evaluation of the chemical composition of two nigerian medicinal plants" Global journal of Pure and Applied Sciences 7(3): 455-459, 2001